Warts are small round shape lumps on the body. It is usually firm and rough on the surface of the skin. They appear on palms, knuckles, and fingers of both hands and legs. Warts on the surface of leg is called verrucas. As it is a contagious disease, Verrucas and Warts removal is a must.
It happens because of the virus named Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). HPV causes keratin, a hard protein in the top layer of the skin. It produces rough and hard texture of wart.
It normally appears in school children and teenagers rather than adults. Wart’s appearance depends on which part of body it is located, and whether you have rubbed it.
Those who are having weak immune system, have higher chances of getting warts and verrucas. Other than that, cancer patients, HIV patients, and those who have undergone a major transplant operation will get warts within some years.
There are several different types of warts, which all alter in size and shapes. Warts are usually not painful although those which are under your fingers or on soles of your feet (verrucas) can hurt sometimes.
Some types of warts do itch or bleed occasionally. You may have one or two warts or a cluster of several warts on the same area of your skin. They are white, yellowish or darker tone of your skin in color. They mostly appear on hands, face, under finger or toe nails, nose, or on the sole of your feet.
Different warts are having different shapes, like some of them have rough and irregular surface, or smooth, round and topped. There are more peculiar appearances too.
When your warts start bleeding,severely itching, or its appearance changes or expands you should go to consult your physician.
HPV passed through close skin-to-skin contact. It can also be passed by indirect contact, for example, from pestiferous contents, like towel, shoes or socks.
The warts can also be spread to another body parts of your own body. For example, if you scratch, bite or knock a wart it will be infected. Shaving your face or legs if it have warts will make it bleed. That will be more easy for virus to expand.
Moreover, it can also be spread by pestiferous surfaces, like swimming pools, and communal washing areas.
Mostly warts disappear on their own, without any treatment. However, the time it will take changes from person to person. Warts may last for a longer period in elder children and adults.
A research about warts and verrucas shows that 60% warts disappear in average two years. Though the treatment is required in the situations pointed below.
If the wart is bleeding or itching.
If the wart or its position is causing embarrassment for you.
If you have one or more potential risk factors of causing cancer.
The treatments is must if any of the above situations buzzing you. The treatments for wart removal are pointed below.
It is the most common treatment for wart removal. Cryotherapy is usually treated on hands, legs and genital. With the help of the nitrogen spray, the physician will freeze the wart on its place. Thus, it will not expand. After a week or so the frozen wart will fall off.
If your body does not respond to the freezing method, you should burn it. With the term burn it, It does not mean you yourself burn it. In fact, the cautery machine is used for this treatment. It will not take more than 10 minutes.
Surgical excision simply means to undergo a surgery. It is usually used for extremely stubborn warts. The returning of warts and verrucas is near to impossible with this method.
At the End:
However, no treatment will give you 100% guarantee of complete rid of warts. In such condition, it is necessary to undergo a treatment. If you have warts and they are irritating you, or embarrassing you, you should consult a London private dermatologist.